01/15/2020 Bible Study Gen 32:16-32 Jacob prepares to meet Esau
Genesis Chapter 32
Verse 1. And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him.
Note: Jacob now is continuing his journey to Canaan. Jacobs physical home is still a distance
off but the land he is coming into is that promised to Abraham and Isaac and now Jacob
is to inherit.
Key Phrase: and the angels of GOD met him; Literally, the messengers of Elohim, not chance
travelers who informed him of Esau's being in the vicinity, but angels.
Verse 2. And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host: and he called the name of
that place Mahanaim.
Key Phrase: And when Jacob saw them; These appeared in a visible form, most probably
human, and in the habit, and with the accouterments of soldiers.
Key Phrase: he said, This is God’s host; Or army, hence he is often called the Lord of hosts.
Angels have this name from their number, order, strength and military exploits
Key Phrase: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim; Which signifies two hosts or
Armies. Either his own family and company making one, and the angels another,
or they very probably appeared in two companies. As two armies, and one went
on one side of Jacob and his family, and the other on the other side. It is believed
by religious scholars that one went before him, and the other behind him. This
was to secure him from any insult of Laban, should he pursue after him. The other
one to protect him from Esau, near whose country Jacob now was of whom he
was in some fear off or in danger from.
Verse 3. And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the
country of Edom.
Key Phrase: And Jacob sent messengers before him unto Esau his brother; These were some
of his own servants he sent to inform him of his coming. By this way he might
learn in what temper and disposition of mind he was towards him.
Key Phrase: unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom: Which had its first name from Seir the
Horite. Esau having married into his family came into the possession of it by
virtue of that marriage. It is recorded that he and his sons drove out the Horites,
the ancient possessors of it. It was afterwards called Edom, a name of Esau, which
he had from the red pottage he sold his birthright for to his brother Jacob.
Note: Esau it seems was removed from his father's house, and was possessed of a country
after mentioned, called from his name; and which Aben Ezra says lay between Haran and
the land of Israel. This path to Esau did not directly lie in the road Jacob need take to get
home, yet, as it was near him, he did not choose to pass by without seeing his brother.
Verse 4. And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy
servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now:
Key Phrase: And he commanded them: Being his servants he gives instruction too.
Key Phrase: saying, thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Being not only a lord of a country,
but his eldest brother. to intimate that he did not insist on the prerogatives of the
birthright and blessing which he had obtained for himself. Leaving it to God to
fulfil his own purpose in his seed. He chose to bespeak in this manner to soften
his mind and let him know he was not a threat to him. Note he does not give up
his right as heir of the blessing and all it contained.
Key Phrase: thy servant Jacob saith thus; Expressing great humility and modesty, though his
father Isaac by his blessing had made him lord over Esau. The time was not come
for this to take place. First his father not being yet dead and second it was to have
its accomplishment not in his own person, but in his posterity or offspring.
Key Phrase: I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now; Jacob had been a
servant in Laban's family for twenty years past. He had an hard master and
therefore could not be the object of his brother's envy, but rather of his pity and
Verse 5. And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and women servants: and I
have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.
Key Phrase: And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and women servants; This
he would have said, so he would know he wasn’t coming to ask anything of him.
As well as put himself and his family upon him as a burden. This would also let him
know that should not treat him with contempt, as a poor mean beggarly creature.
Also to indicate that he should not be ashamed of the relation Jacob was to him.
Key Phrase: and I have sent to tell my lord; of his coming, and of his state and circumstances:
Key Phrase: that I may find grace in thy sight; Share in his good will which was all he wanted.
That friendship, harmony and brotherly love, might subsist between them which
he was very desirous of.
Verse 6. And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and
also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him.
Key Phrase: And the messengers returned to Jacob; After they had delivered their message,
with the answer they brought back from Esau.
Key Phrase: saying, we came to thy brother Esau; Which, though not expressed is implied in
these words and is still more manifest by what follows.
Key Phrase: and also he cometh to meet thee; To pay a friendly visit, as they supposed.
Key Phrase; and four hundred men with him; This Esau would have done partly to show his
grandeur and partly out of respect to Jacob, to honor him.
Note: There are some that think this was done with an ill intent to him and which indeed
Verse 7. Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that was
with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands;
Key Phrase: Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; Knowing what he had done to his
brother in getting the birthright and blessing from Isaac instead of Esau. What a
level of hostility Jacob had conceived in his mind against him on that account.
Note: Jacob betrays much weakness and want of faith here when God has promised again and
again that he would he with him. God instructed Jacob that He would keep him, protect
him and return him safe to the land of Canaan. Even when he had just had such an appearance of angels to be his helpers, guardians, and protectors.
Key Phrase: and he divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and the herds, and
the camels, into two bands: Jacob had some of his servants and shepherds with
a part of the flocks and herds in one band or company. Also some with the rest of
them and the camels, his wives and his children in the other.
Verse 8. And said, If Esau come to the one company, and smite it, then the other company
which is left shall escape.
Key Phrase: And said, if Esau come to the one company, and smite it; The first company,
which perhaps consisted only of some servants, with a part of his cattle. So that if
Esau should come in a hostile manner and fall upon that and slay the servants
Esau would take the cattle as a booty and not pursue him.
Key Phrase: then the other company which is left shall escape; By flight in which most likely
was he himself, his wives and children and the camels to carry them off. Jacob
who would have notice by what should happen to the first band.
Note: One would think, that, notwithstanding all this precaution and wise methods taken,
there could be little expectation of escaping the hands of Esau. If he came out on such an ill design; for whither could they flee? How could they hope
to get out of the reach of four hundred men pursuing after them.,
Verse 9. And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the Lord
which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal
well with thee:
Key Phrase: And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac; In this
distress he does not consult the teraphim Rachel had taken from her father. Nor
does he call upon the hosts of angels that had just appeared to him to help
protect, and guard him. Jacob prays to God only, the God of his fathers, who had
promised great things to them and had done great things for them.
Key Phrase: the Lord which saidst unto me, return unto thy country, and to thy kindred; The
same God had appeared to him, when in Laban's house and bid him return to his
own country to his father's house. In obedience to which command he was now
on his journey too. His actions so far are according to the will of God. Jacob acts
as though he had no dependence nor put any confidence in anything done by him.
Key Phrase: and I will deal well with thee; Jacob recites God’s promise in this prayer yet he
hoped God in his grace and goodness would have a regard unto him, as he was
doing what he was directed to by him.
Note: The phrase “and I will deal well with thee”; means to bestow good things on thee, both
temporal and spiritual, and among the former, preservation from evils and dangers is
Verse 10. I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast
shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am
become two bands.
Key Phrase: I am not worthy of the least of all thy mercies; Or of any of them, according to
his humble sense of things his mind was now impressed with. He was not worthy
of the least mercy and favor that had been bestowed upon him. Not even of any
temporal mercy, and much less of any spiritual one, and therefore did not expect
any from the hands of God, on account of any merit of his own.
Key Phrase: and of all the truth, which thou hast showed unto thy servant; in performing
promises made to him; grace, mercy, goodness and truth and faithfulness in
the performance of them; Jacob had had a rich experience of both, and was deeply
affected therewith, and which made him humble before God.
Key Phrase; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; The river Jordan is near to which he
now was or at least had it in view with either with the eyes of his body or his mind.
Note: This river he passed over when he went to Haran with his staff in his hand and that only,
which was a shepherd's staff and now a travelling one. He passed "alone" over it, as
Onkelos and Jonathan add by way of illustration; unaccompanied by any, having no
friend with him, nor servant to attend him. Jarchi's paraphrase is, "there was not with
me neither silver nor gold, nor cattle, but my staff only." Just as he was 20 years ago.
Key Phrase: And now I am become two bands; Into which he had now divided his wives,
children, servants, and cattle. He mentions this to acknowledge the great goodness
of God to him, the large increase he had made him and how different his current
circumstances now were to what they were when he was upon this spot, or
thereabouts twenty years ago.
Verse 11. Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I
fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the mother with the children.
Key Phrase: Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; For
though his brother and it was his brother Esau that had formerly vowed revenge
upon him and had vowed to kill him, Genesis 27:41, Jacob knew not but that he
was still of the same mind. Which now having an opportunity and in his power to
do it being accompanied with four hundred men feared he would attempt it. Thus
Jacob therefore entreats the Lord, who was greater than he, to deliver him from
falling into his hands, and being destroyed by him.
Key Phrase: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the mother with the children;
Jacob seems to be more concerned for his wives and children than for himself.
The phrase denotes the utter destruction of his family, the cruelty and inhumanity
that would be exercised therein. Which shows us what an opinion he had of his
brother and of his savage disposition.
Note: Jacob accepted the responsibility for what he had done to Esau in this verse but asked
God to not let what he had done be cast upon his wives and children. Reminds me of
another verse in the bible Ezekiel 18:20.
Verse 12. And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea,
which cannot be numbered for multitude.
Key Phrase: And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good; All kind of good most certainly and
constantly. Jacob rightly interpreted the promise, "I will be with thee", Genesis
31:3; for the promise of God's presence includes and secures all needful good to
Note: From this general promise Jacob draws a special and particular good; the preservation
of him and his family, he was now pleading for.
Key Phase: and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for
multitude; Which could not be fulfilled if he and his family were cut off at once as
he feared. Our God is faithful to who He has promised if we are obedient and
faithful to Him.
Verse 13. And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a
present for Esau his brother;
Key Phrase: And he lodged there that same night, At Mahanaim, or some place near it.
See Map at back of Handout Mahanaim:
Key Phrase: and took of that which came to his hand; The interpretation of the Hebrew here
leaves out the true meaning. It is not what came next to hand. That he did was
with great deliberation, judgment, and prudence. The phrase signifies what he
was in possession of or was in his power to give. As Jarchi rightly interprets it.
Key Phase: a present for Esau his brother: In order to try and pacify him, gain his good
and avert his wrath and displeasure. See Proverbs 18:16.
Note: Though Jacob had prayed to God, committed himself and family to him, and left all with
him. He thought it proper to make use of all prudential means or methods for his safety.
Verse 14. Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams,
Verse 15. Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty she asses, and
Note: Goats—ewes—camels—kine—asses. As the kinds of cattle are arranged according to
their value, it is remarkable that kine (cows) should be prized above camels; for the milk
of cows was regarded as of little worth. This high estimation of them, therefore, must
have arisen from an increased regard for agriculture, the ploughing being done in the
East by oxen. Asses of course come last, as being the animal used by chieftains for
riding, and therefore prized as matters of luxury. (See Genesis 12:16; Judges 5:10.)
Note: Jacob selected “milch camels” because their milk forms a valuable part of the daily food
of the Arabs. This proportion of one he goat to ten she goats, and of one ram to ten
ewes, is a proper one. Being so judged in other times and countries. It has also shown to
be necessary for the purposes of breeding. Jacob knew by this action which was seen as
acceptable in the culture of the time that superiors are always approached with presents
and the respect expressed is estimated by the quality and amount of the gift. The
present of Jacob consisted of five hundred fifty head of cattle, of different kinds, such as
would be most prized by Esau. It was a most magnificent present skill fully arranged and
Mahanaim (meaning two camps in Hebrew) is a place near Jabbok, beyond the
Jordan River, mentioned a number of times by the Bible.
Note: The precise location of Mahanaim is very uncertain the Biblical data
being inconclusive. The geographical area is made up of a number of
small valley areas with adequate grass and water for livestock .
Verse 16. And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and
said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and
Key Phrase: every drove by themselves; There seems to have been three to as many as five
droves. Very probably the two hundred and twenty goats, male and female, were
in the first drove; and the two hundred and twenty sheep, ewes, and rams, were in
the second drove; and the thirty camels, with their colts the third drove and the
fifty cows and bulls in the fourth drove. With the twenty she asses and ten foals in
the fifth dove, which made in all one hundred and forty.
Note: The order of the droves 1st Goats an offering of Food and Shelter (the goat’s skin and
hair make a great weather barrier.) The meat is to eat and the stomach is used for a
water carrier. 2nd Sheep, Ewes and Rams; Sheep wool for clothing (remember Jacob
had breed the best with God’s instruction. The Ewes and rams show continuing
prosperity to the receiver. 3rd the Thirty camels with their colts would be given to offer
comfort for journeys and carrying on trade to distant lands easily. The fact that it is
thirty (30) acknowledges a person of great stature and substance being honored.
4th Fifty cows and bulls are represent authority and power one who has dominance over
all things. 5th The twenty she asses and ten foals are to acknowledge the persons wives
and children and are used to move heavy objects and carry loads to assist with the
Verse 17. And he commanded the foremost, saying, When Esau my brother meeteth thee,
and asketh thee, saying, Whose art thou? and whither goest thou? and whose are
these before thee?
Verse 18. Then thou shalt say, They be thy servant Jacob's; it is a present sent unto my lord
Esau: and, behold, also he is behind us.
Key Phrase: Then thou shall say, they be thy servant Jacob's; Both the goats before them, and
they themselves that had the care of them, belonged to Jacob, who directed them
to speak of him to Esau as his "servant". This should also tell you that Jacob was
also giving these servants to Esau as a gift to take care of the droves for Esau. A
notable generous gift in those times.
Key Phrase: it is a present sent unto my lord Esau; Which is the answer to the second
question in Verse 17.
Key Phrase: and behold also he is behind us; That is, Jacob is coming behind us. This they
were bid to tell, lest he should think that Jacob was afraid of him or had gone
another way. It would appear that Jacob was coming to pay a visit to him and
might expect shortly to see him.
Verse 19. And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed the droves,
saying, On this manner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him.
Note: The messengers were strictly commanded to say the same words, that Esau might be
more impressed and that the uniformity of the address might appear more clearly to
have come from Jacob himself.
Verse 20. And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will
appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his
face; peradventure he will accept of me.
Key Phrase: And say ye moreover, behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us; This is repeated to
impress it upon their minds, that they might be careful of all things, not to forget
that, it being a point of great importance; For the present would have signified
nothing, if Jacob had not appeared in person. Esau would have thought himself at
the least but slighted, As if he was unworthy of a visit from him, and of conver-
sation with him.
Key Phrase: for he said; That is, Jacob, or "had said" in his heart, within himself, as might be
supposed from the whole of his conduct; for what follows are the words of Moses
the historian, as Aben Ezra observes and not of Jacob to his servants, nor of them
Key Phrase: I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterwards I will
see his face: He hoped the present would produce the desired effect; That it
would turn away his wrath from him, and pacify him; and then he should be able
to appear before him and see his face with pleasure. "I will expiate his face", as
some render the words, or make him propitious and favorable; or cover his face,
as Aben Ezra interprets it, that is, cause him to hide his wrath and resentment,
that it shall not appear or cause his fury to cease
Key Phrase: peradventure he will accept of me; Receive him with a show of tenderness and
affection, and in a very honorable and respectable manner.
Verse 21. So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company.
Key Phrase: So went the present over before him; Over the brook Jabbok, after mentioned,
the night before Jacob did:
Key Phrase: and himself lodged that night in the company; Or “in the camp", either in the
Place called Mahanaim, from the hosts or crowds of angels seen there; or rather in
his own camp, his family and servants.
Note: Due to the fact presented later in this chapter it is more likely that he camped in the
place called Mahanaim.
Verse 22. And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and
his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok.
Key Phrase: And he rose up that night; In the middle of it, for it was long before break of day,
as appears from Genesis 32:24,
Key Phrase: and took his two wives, and his two womenservants; So his wives Rachel and
Leah and then Bilhah and Zilpah.
Key Phrase: and his eleven sons; Together with Dinah his daughter, though not mentioned,
being the only female child, and a little one:
Key Phrase: and passed over the ford Jabbok; The river, at a place of it where it was fordable,
or where there was a ford or passage.
Note: This was a river that took its rise from the mountains of Arabia, was the border of the
Ammonites, washed the city Rabba, and ran between Philadelphia and Gerasa, and
came into the river Jordan. It is some short distance from the sea of Gennesaret or
Galilee about three or four miles from it.
Verse 23. And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had.
Note: Carry the topic from the previous verse so Jacob sent his whole family over and all of the
servants, cattle tents, everything that he owned so he had no one and nothing with him.
Verse 24. And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of
Key Phrase: And Jacob was left alone; On the other side of Jabbok, his family and cattle
having passed over it; and this solitude he chose, in order to spend some time in
prayer to God for the safety of him and his family.
Key Phrase: and there wrestled a man with him; This is not a phantasm or spectre nor was
this a mere visionary representation of a man, to the imagination of Jacob. Also it
was not done as in the vision of prophecy. It was something real, corporeal and
Note: We need to acknowledge that this is a divine Person as appears from Jacob's desiring to
be blessed by him. "This wrestling" was real and corporeal on the part of both. The
man took hold of Jacob, and he took hold of the man, and they strove and struggled
together for victoryas wrestlers do. Just to note also that Jacob was in his 80’s at this
Key Phrase: until the breaking of the day; How long this conflict lasted is not certain, perhaps
not long. Jacob rose in the night and did a great deal of business with his family
before this took place.
Verse 25. And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his
thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.
Key Phrase: And when he saw that he prevailed not against him; That he, the man, or the
Son of God in the form of man, prevailed not against Jacob, by casting him to the
ground, or causing him to desist and leave off wrestling with him. Not because he
could not, but because he would not discourage the faith of Jacob. So that against
future trials and exercises, and especially under his present one Jacob would rely
on God, such were the promises that this divine Person knew were made to Jacob.
Key Phrase: he touched the hollow of his thigh; The hollow part of the thigh or the hollow
place in which the thigh bone moves. The femoral socket or hip socket.
Key Phrase: and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him; That is,
the hip bone, or the thigh bone, was moved out of the hollow place in which it
sets. This was done to let Jacob know that the person he wrestled with was
superior to him, and could easily have overcome him, and obliged him to cease
wrestling with him if he would. That the victory he got over him was not by his
own strength, but by divine assistance and by the sufferance of the man he
wrestled with. So that Jacob had nothing to boast of and truth and reality of this
was not visionary, but a real fact.
Verse 26. And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go,
except thou bless me.
Key Phrase: And he said, Let me go; The man said this, partly to show the prevailing power of
his prayer with God, and partly to quicken and encourage Jacob to persist in his
conflict and face his fears with faith in God.
Key Phrase: The day breaketh; Why this is important is so there should be any spectators or
witnesses of these things. It wasn’t time for the Son of God to be revealed to man.
Key Phrase; Except thou bless me; With the blessings which thou hast promised to Abraham
and to me, among which one is protection in this hour of my danger. For Jacob
knew that it was no man that was with him but God himself in the flesh.
Note: Jacob had no doubt that this was the Son of God in an human form. Who we know
frequently appeared in a form of a man as a token and pledge of his future incarnation.
Verse 27. And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob. (cont.)
Key Phrase: And he said unto him, what is thy name? The question is put to Jacob not as
being ignorant of it, but in order to take the opportunity from it, So the change
of it like his Grandfather and Grandmothers names where changed by God, This
shows that he had granted his request and had blessed him.
Key Phrase: and he said, Jacob; This being the name given him at his birth and by which he
had always been called. Thus the man (Son of God in the flesh) therefore tells
him at once. The reason for it in verse 28.
Verse 28. And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast
thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
Key Phrase: And he said, thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel; That is not Jacob
only, but Israel also, as Ben Melech interprets it. For certain he is often after this
called Jacob, and his posterity also the seed of Jacob, though more commonly
Israel and known as the Israelites.
Key Phrase; for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed;
This is given as a reason of his name Israel, which signifies a prince of God, or one
who as a prince prevails with God. Jacob, by faith got the blessing as he
prevailed before with Esau and with Laban. This interaction was designed to
fortify Jacob against the fear of his brother Esau. From this Jacob could reasonably
conclude, that if he had power with God, and prevailed to obtain what he desired
of him. He would much more be able to prevail over his brother, and even over all
that should rise up against him and oppose him. This not only prophetic of what
should be fulfilled in the person of Jacob, but in his posterity in future times.
Verse 29. And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said,
Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there.
Key Phrase: And Jacob asked him, and said, tell me, I pray thee, thy name; Being asked his
own name and told it. As well as having another given him more significant and
expressive, he is emboldened to ask the person that wrestled with him what was
his name. Jacob would have asked so that he may give thee the honor due to it.
Key Phrase: and he said, wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name; Which is both a
reproof of his curiosity, and a denial of his request. Signifying that he had no need
to ask that question. It was enough for him that he had got the blessing.
Verse 30. And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and
my life is preserved.
Key Phrase: And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel; Peniel. Elsewhere Penuel, It
means, “the face of God.” Jacob was paying tribute to the place of blessing.
Verse 31. And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
Key Phrase; And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him; It was break of day when
the man Jacob wrestled with desired to be let go. By that time the conversation
between them ceased and they parted the sun was rising. As Jacob went on it
shone upon him as a token of the good will and favor of God to him.
Key Phrase: and he halted upon his thigh; It being out of joint of which he became more
evident when he was walking upon it. Some think he went limping all his days.
others, that he was healed immediately by the angel before he came to Esau.
But there is no proof except what follows by the children of Israel.
Verse 32. Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the
hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in
the sinew that shrank.
Note: Very superstitiously do they abstain from it unto this day. They have a whole chapter in
one of their treatises in the Misnah (l), giving rules concerning it. Where it is forbidden
to eat of it, whether in the land of Israel or out of it; whether in common food or
sacrifices, even in burnt offerings it was to be taken out. Whether in cattle of the house
or of the field and both in the right and left thigh but not in fowls, because they have no
hollow. And whoever eats of it to the quantity of an olive is to be beaten with forty
stripes. Because the Jews are more ignorant of this nerve, as Mercer observes, that
they abstain from all nerves in the posteriors of animals. In many places in Italy, and
especially in Germany, they eat not at all of the hinder quarters of ox, lamb, or goat.
Because there is in those parts of the beast both very much fat and also the forbidden